A Look at the Difference Between Language and Communication
Philology is the science of Language; Linguistics is the usual academic term in English for the scientific study of language
The question “is man the only animal that can talk to each other”? Must lead on to a considerable debate
In the wild chimpanzees have been known to talk to each other, on approaching danger.
For example, if one chimpanzee sees a snake, he makes a low, rumbling noise, signaling for all the other chimps to climb into nearby trees, but in this case it is merely communication rather then the use of a language
Squid can communicate
The notes of Ferdinand de Saussure explore language as a system of signs that express ideas, this is not unique to chimps, meerkat use this system in their calls, as do bees in bee dance, birds use it, in their song as well as Whales, and as for the Caribbean Reef Squid, these little rascals can communicate using a variety of colour
They can also use colour and patterns to communicate with one another in various courtship rituals.
However, these instances of communication cannot be classed as true language
The historical record of linguistics began in India with P??ini, the 5th century BC grammarian who formulated 3,959 rules of Sanskrit morphology, and with Tolkappiyar, he was a 2nd century BC grammarian, he classified the alphabet into consonants, vowels, and elements such as nouns, verbs and vowels.
Women really do talk more than men
Aristotle believed that language was part of the intrinsic nature of man, I notice he says “man” when it comes to women, and speech it’s another thing, a recent study confirms women really do talk more than men, lets face it half of the population has suspected this for a long, long time.
In fact, women talk almost three times as much as men, with the average woman chalking up 20,000 words in a day - 13,000 more than the average man.
In the bible it says “it's better to sleep on the roof of your house than to live with a nagging woman” However I digress
Some languages are only spoken by a handful of people.
There are about 6900 known languages many of these are variations of established languages, some of these variations are only spoken by a handful of people, so the number is constantly changing these people die along with their language, also dialect is counted in this number, so it is to be taken loosely.
A recent study concluded that the most difficult language to learn is Basque, this is the language spoken in parts of Spain and France, this is closely followed by Hungarian but it all depends on your own mother tongue and contrary to believe English is not the most spoken language in the world, but it will be soon.
Mandarin is spoken by 1151 million people and English by 1000 million
Other Factoids on this subject by johnnydod: