Amazing and Interesting Facts About Planet Jupiter
Jupiter is one of the most recognizable planets on our system with the exemption of our beloved Mother Earth – the only planet with life. Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system.
1.) The first spacecraft to visit Jupiter was Pioneer 10 in 1972.
2.) Do you know that more than 1,300 planets the size of the Earth could fit inside Jupiter?
3.) Jupiter’s mass is 318 times the mass of the Earth. Its mass is actually 2.5 times the mass of all the other planets on the solar system combined.
4.) Jupiter has an apparent magnitude of -2.94 when viewed from Earth, making it the 3rd-brightest object in the night sky after the Moon and Venus.
5.) Although it’s the most massive planet, Jupiter rotates very fast. It only takes about 10 hours to complete a full rotation on its axis making Jupiter the fastest spinning planet on the solar system.
6.) Jupiter’s magnetic field is 14 times as strong as Earth.
7.) It is quite amazing but Jupiter has 63 satellites or moons. Ganymede, being the largest satellite in the Solar System, measures 5,262 km across.
8.) Jupiter’s average distance from the sun is 778,300,000 km, with a diameter of 143,000 km and a mass of 1.900 x 1027 kg
9.) It has a diameter 11 times that of Earth and a mass more than twice that of the other planets combined.
10.) Jupiter is the largest planet of the solar system. It is the 5th planet from the sun.
11.) Jupiter can be viewed at night as a bright star-like object which is why it is considered more like a star than a planet.
12.) If all the 7 planets on the solar system could be lump all together, the resulting planet would still be smaller than Jupiter.
13.) Spacecrafts cannot land on Jupiter because it does not have solid surface. It is consists of hot liquid hydrogen and helium with a little solid core which is the size of the Earth.
14.) Because Jupiter is made almost entirely of gas, it is called a Gas Giant by astronomers. And because of this also, it turns rapidly on its axis and bulges noticeably at the equator.
15.) The layer surrounding the core of the planet is about 64,000 km thick.
16.) The Great Red Spot is the most outstanding feature of the planet’s atmosphere. It remains nearly constant in size and in shape but varies in color and brightness. It is believed that the spot is the top of a giant hurricane-like storm that last for centuries,
17.) In addition, 3 planets the size of the Earth could fit across the Great Red Spot
Jupiter has a magnetic field similar to the Earth.
18.) Jupiter is encircled by a faint ring composed of dust particles and like the Earth and it has auroras in its polar regions.
19.) Powerful lighting flashes at the top of Jupiter’s clouds.
20.) Jupiter has more moons than any other planet in our solar system. It has 63 known satellites. Four of these satellites revolve around Jupiter in a direction opposite to that of the rest.
From left to right Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto
19.) Jupiter’s largest satellites are Ganymede, Io, Callisto and Europa. Ganymede is larger than Mercury. Galileo Galilei discovered the 4 largest moons of Jupiter which is why they were called the “Galilean satellites”.
20) Io, which is about the size of the Earth’s moon, has several active volcanoes. In fact, it has more volcanoes than any other planet or moon.
21.) Callisto, the farthest satellite from the planet, has a surface almost entirely covered with craters while Ganymede and Callisto are both covered by thick layer of ice.