How To Understand the Process of Protein Synthesis
In such, replication chain grows from five prime end to three prime end; where the nucleotides are added to the three prime end. The four nucleotides involved in the transcription process are A, C, T, and G. The DNA nucleotides are transcribed into mRNA, where the nucleotides read A, C, U and G. The difference would be that T is replaced with U in mRNA. To differentiate, the process of transcription takes place in the nucleus for eukaryotes and in the cytosol for prokaryotes.
The second step of protein synthesis is translation. In the process of translation mRNA nucleotides are translated tRNA and then tRNA in transcribed into amino acids. The start codon is AUG. The stop codons are UAA, UAG, and UGA. The first amino acid that gets transcribe is always started off with methionine (met). Three nucleotides in the mRNA are considered a codon and genetic code is read in codons. The codons are then converted to tRNA, which is the anticodon of the mRNA. The codons from mRNA are translated into amino acids my looking at the codon table. The genetic code is read from five prime end to three prime end. The process of translation takes place in the cytosol for both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Thus, as the product a protein chain is formed from the attachment of the ribosome.