Taj Mahal: The Epitome of Romantic Love
Taj Mahal is considered one of the most significant and beautiful buildings in the world. Taj Mahal has a very romantic love story behind its construction. It was built by the fifth Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan (his original name was Khurram) married Mumtaz Mahal (her original name was Arjumand Banu Begum) in 1612 after five years of love story. He was the son of the fourth Mughal Emperor, Jahangir, and she was a Muslim Persian Princess. When Shah Jahan ascended the throne in 1628, he bestowed his wife with the title Mumtaz Mahal (Jewel of the Palace). After 19 years of happy life, Mumtaz Mahal died in 1631 when she was giving birth to her 14th child. Shah Jahan was very brokenhearted and his court grieved for two years. Few years later, Shah Jahan decided to build Taj Mahal, in the memory of Mumtaz Mahal, which became one of the most outstanding monuments of Mughal and world architecture.
Taj Mahal was built on 42 acres on the banks of Yamuna River in Agra, India. It comprises the grave of Mumtaz Mahal at the lower chamber, and later the grave of her husband, Shah Jahan was added. Taj Mahal was designed by the famous architect, Ustad Isa, and its construction took over 20 years, between 1631 and 1653. It was built by twenty thousand workers and craftsmen form Baghdad, Shiraz and Bukhara. Taj Mahal (Crown Palace) is built entirely of white marble and its architectural form is stunning and captures the eye especially at sunrise and sunset times.
Taj Mahal Mausoleum is a part of a vast complex, which covers an area of 300 m. x 580 m. It includes the main gate, and an elaborate garden. The garden is surrounded by a mosque to the left, and a guest house to the right. There is also number of palaces, which reflected a very stunning architectural design. Taj Mahal is located at the farthest end of this complex, with the river Yamuna behind it. The large garden contains four reflecting pools dividing it at the center. Taj Mahal is characterized by four magnificent towers, which rest on a large sandstone platform decorated with carvings of vegetal motifs. The design concept of the plan of Taj Mahal is based on the tradition of the nine-fold hasht-bihisht (eight paradises) plan, which was used by Mughal architects in the design of tombs. The cenotaphs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan rest in the central double-height chamber. The diameter of the central dome of Taj Mahal is about 18 meter, and its height is almost 64 meter.
All parts of the building are covered with white marble, inlaid with precious gems and decorated with intricate flowers and calligraphy carvings. This magnificent monument and architectural masterpiece of love has drawn the attention of the world by, not only its capturing architecture details, but also by its sympathetic and unprecedented romantic love story. All what we can say is that love can do things that could be wonder of the world.